History of Sukkur


Sukkur is known to have a legacy of classical history, ancient landmarks, civilization, symbol of warrior’s glory and range of fertile lands amid immeasurable blessings one of which is River Indus. Its history is being called to be deep-rooted to inception of Sindh; the times of Indus Valley Civilization, 2600BCE and 1900BCE. Located at the bank of River Indus, southeastern belt of Pakistan, stretched with dunes of sand neighboring India in East, Sukkur serves as commercial hub of three provinces in Pakistan. Area-wise it is spread over 1,276,160 Acre (5,000 Sq. KM / 1,994 Sq. Miles). Its administration comprises of Five Tehsils (Sukkur City, New Sukkur, Rohri, Saleh Pat & Pano Aqil) with population of more than 1.4 Million.


Rohri City, previously Rori Shankar, was built by Raja Dhaj in 5th BCE and was ruled under the Ror Dynasty (450 BC to 489 AD) was served as a busy port along the Indus and was a major trading centre for Kings of Sauvira or Roruka. After the conquering the region in 711 CE, Muhammad Bin Qasim bin converted Aror as capital of Sindh and merged Rohri under its jurisdictions. In late 1800s, during British Rule, land of Sukkur City was purposefully connected to Rohri City, via Lansdowne Bridge. The corridor was opened to military movements and trading. To escalate the agricultural production system, world’s largest irrigation system, Sukkur Barrage (formally called Lloyd Barrage) was built under British Raj on Indus River, in 1923.

Abode of Seven Sisters 3


Located at the outskirts of Sukkur & Rohri City, the ruins of Aror was once ancestral town of the Ror Dynasty or Ror Community. The name was given after the Arab Invasion with Al-Ror or Al-Rur.  Most of Aror’s ruins have been lost, but some notable ancient places still exist such as Kalka Cave Temple, Chattan Shah ji Takri and Raja Dahaj. Aror once served as the capital of Sindh.


Such landmarks, instigated traders’ attraction beyond significant level and with the passage of time Sukkur started growing as commercial hub for Indian Subcontinent. With the passage of time, geography, climate, labor market and infrastructure of Sukkur established strategic importance for commerce and bureaucracy in Sindh, and started serving as economic corridor for all all provinces of Pakistan.